Make your own free website on

Welcome to the Saddle Seat Equitation Information Source!

Lower Body Position

What is Saddle Seat Equitation?
Riding Position
Riding and Showing
Pattern Practice
Finishing Touches
Rider Fitness
Featured Rider
Related Reading
Recommended Reading
Favorite Links
Contact Us


The Saddle Seat rider sits with a balanced, centered seat while sitting in the deepest part of the saddle. (MacBride)

The weight of the rider should be on the seat bones not on the "pockets" nor on the crotch and the belly button be brought back to the spine. This will allow the rider to sit with the back straight and the muscles of the abdominals supporting the lower back to be able to absorb the motion of the horse. The rider should sit deep into the saddle with their weight sinking down to the ground.


It is important to appreciate the fact that the entire leg is used as one unit from the hip joint and that the knee and thigh roll into the saddle flap. (Crabtree)

The inner thigh should be stretched down on the saddle with the large muscle on the back of the thigh behind the leg with the knee down as far as it can be on the saddle.


The bending of the knee so the point of the knee is pointing down and letting the foot come underneath the body will keep the rider's body in the center of the saddle which frees the upper body. (Robinson)

The stirrup leather should be sitting under the inside of the knee joint or just behind it depending on the ratio of the thigh to shin length. There should be a straight line from the shoulder to the hip to the heel and the stirrup leather placement can effect this line. The stirrup leather should hang perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the side.


While the weight of the rider goes down from the seat to the heels the leg position can be built from the foot up. This is important to remember because many position faults can be frequently remedied by studying the foot position.

The bottom of the stirrup iron should be placed straight across the ball of the foot with the foot centered in the pad of the stirrup iron.


To attain the correct knee and thigh contact the stirrup is used as a lever. By stretching the inner ankle down and out, the foot actually presses the knee and thigh into the saddle.  The beauty of the knee grip through the foot position is that it permits the greatest economy of effort with a maximum of control and balance. (Crabtree)

Take a look at the stirrup itself. When the bottom of the stirrup is held parallel to the ground it is held close to the horse's body. Keeping the stirrup in this position requires the rider to wrap the lower leg around the horse's side which brings the knee and thigh away from the saddle. When the stirrup is pulled away from the horse's side the inner side of the stirrup becomes lower than the outside of the stirrup. When the foot is placed into this position the big toe is lower than the little toe with equal pressure across the pad of the stirrup. (Lampe)

The stirrup should only be pulled away from the horse's side enough to roll the knee and thigh into the saddle. (Crabtree)


The toe should be pointing straight ahead.

It is important to keep the heel lower than the toe. Heels that are not lowered cause the foot to slide around in the stirrup or lose it all together and create loose ineffective calves. If the heels are lowered in the correct place they will keep the foot in the stirrup and result in harder effective and engaged calves that are ready to communicate.

The upper part of the calf should rest on the saddle and not forced away from the horse's side. This allows the calf to only need the slightest squeeze for invisible leg aids.

Upper inner calf muscle on saddle. Ankle stretched down and out.

Why do many Saddle Seat Equitation riders sit more on their zipper than on their seat bones? With horses that are highly collected many riders will find it easier to sit with their lower backs hollowed. If the position is exagerated, back is stiff, or the stomach is not supporting the lower back there is a higher chance of lower back problems. To protect the back it is best to sit on the seat bones as much as possible while engaging the abdominals.


Crabtree, Helen. Saddle Seat Equitation. New York. Doubleday. 1982

Robinson,Bob. Show Your Horse. Saddle and Bridle. 1978.

Saddle Seat Article. 2008. June 5, 2009. <>

Featured Discipline: Saddle Seat Equitation By: Blair Finney. Page 3. June 5, 2009

Photo Credits

Jack and Howie Schatzberg